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Health Gains Publications

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For further publications on the subject of Epidemiology, Health Gains or Health Economics, please search our ePublications repository or the Health Library Catalogue.


Mothers and babies

Mothers and babies publicationsVarious

The Mothers and Babies reports summarise data from the Northern Territory Midwives' collection. It includes population characteristics of mothers, maternal health status, antenatal information, conditions and procedures used in labour and childbirth as well as birth outcomes of all births in the Northern Territory.

Mothers and babies:


Report for the NT Perinatal Information Management Group:


Population surveys

Growing up in the Territory: social-emotional wellbeing and learning outcomes2006This report focuses on the measurement of social-emotional wellbeing and learning outcomes by connecting information from teachers about individual school children with information from parents collected during a detailed telephone survey. This report will inform practice and policy development in health, community and education services for children.Full details
Growing up in the Territory: parent survey2006This report, Growing up in the Territory: Parent Survey, provides an invaluable picture of young children in the Northern Territory. It is the first time that a snapshot has been taken in this way of various aspects of Territory Children's health and wellbeing and it represents a further step in improving the availability of information to guide action in their interests.Full details
Northern Territory physical activity survey 2003: non-indigenous population2004This survey was undertaken by the Department of Health and Community Services (DHCS), in partnership with the National Heart Foundation (NT Division). Its primary aim was to measure levels of physical activity undertaken by residents of the Northern Territory aged between 18 and 54 years. The survey also gathered information on Territorians' knowledge and attitude in relation to current recommendations for participation in physical activity.Full details
Northern Territory health and wellbeing survey: non-indigenous population, December 20002000The Northern Territory Health and Wellbeing Survey was conducted in December 2000 by the Department of Health and Community Services. It is the first large-scale population health survey in the Northern Territory to provide statistically robust information on the residents of metropolitan, rural and remote regions. Information on a range of health related topics was collected by telephone from 2,498 residents aged 18 years and over from metropolitan, rural and remote areas. The information provided by the respondents will assist the Department in developing and refining policies and programs aimed at improving the health of the population.Full details


Mortality in the Northern Territory, 1967-20062013This report provides an overview of mortality in the Northern Territory over the forty year period from 1967 to 2006. Information is provided separately for Indigenous and non-Indigenous Territorians with stratification by sex and age groups.Full details
Suicide in the Northern Territory 1981-20022005The key purpose of this report is to assess the magnitude of suicide deaths among Territorians. Information on the demographic, socio-economic and behavioural factors associated with suicide has been used to identify population groups most at risk. The report also includes information on attempted suicide by analysing available data on clients admitted to public hospitals with a diagnosis of intentional self-harm.Full details
Mortality in the Northern Territory 1981-2000 - part 1: Key indicators & overview2004This report is the first volume in the Mortality in the Northern Territory 1981-2000 series, and provides an overview of information on Northern Territory (NT) deaths for the years 1981 to 2000. It provides detailed statistics for deaths from all causes, and for each of the major International Classification of Disease (ICD) chapters. Age-adjusted death rate, age-specific death rate and life expectancy are used to describe and compare health status within the Northern Territory population. Australian data is provided for comparison, where appropriate. The two subsequent volumes of this series provide disease specific causes of death including analysis of associated and underlying causes of death.Full details
Mortality in the Northern Territory 1979-19971999This report provides summary statitics on Northern Territory (NT) mortality for the years 1979 to 1997 for all causes of death combined, and statistics on individual causes of death for the years 1979 to 1995. Indicators such as life expectancy, age-adjusted death rates and age-specific death rates are used to describe and compare the health status of the NT Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal population. Mortality statistics for the overall Australian population are included for comparison where appropriate.Full Details
Adult morbidity and mortality due to tobacco smoking in the Northern Territory, 1986"19951998The Northern Territory has the highest smoking rates of any state or territory in Australia. This study aims to quantify the effect of smoking on mortality and hospital morbidity among residents of the Northern Territory for the period 1986-1995.Full details

General population health

The Health and Wellbeing of Older Territorians2013Executive summary This report embraces the broad notion of health, as described by the World health organisation (Who) in the declaration of alma-ata, as "a state of complete physical, mental and social wellbeing and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity". The aim of the report is to assist policy makers by providing a single source of information with which to guide the development of policies and programs targeting older people in the Northern Territory (NT).Full details
Hospital Admissions in the NT 1976-20082011

The report provides an overview of hospital admissions in the five NT public hospitals for the period from 1976 to 2008. Information is provided on trends in hospital separation rates and length of stay for both NT Indigenous and non-Indigenous populations. Information on total admissions is available for all years, while information for specific conditions is provided from 1992 onwards. The information is presented by financial year.


From infancy to young adulthood: health status in the Northern Territory

2007This report provides an overview of the health and wellbeing of young people in the Northern Territory. It is the second in a series and like the previous report released in 1998, includes both health outcome indicators and information on key determinants of health and wellbeing. The availability of information has improved substantially over the past eight years, which has allowed the inclusion of new and expanded information. In this report there is a continued focus on the difference in outcomes between Indigenous and non-Indigenous Territorians. In addition this second report is able to provide improved trend information so that current data can becompared with information in the first report.

Full details

(Previous reports)

The health of wellbeing of Northern Territory women: from the desert to the sea 20052005This report attempts to provide policy makers, researchers, health professionals and others, from a broad range of backgrounds, with a basis from which to better understand the issues confronting women's health and wellbeing in the NT. The report has been developed based on the best available information, and the data presented are believed to be the most complete and up to date available. While not definitive, this report provides a comprehensive and reliable picture of the health and wellbeing of NT women. It covers the population characteristics of NT women, the social environment in which they live, their pregnancy and childbirth experiences, information on health and health behaviour and available health services.Full details
The health and welfare of Territorians2001This comprehensive publication follows a series which reported on health status in the NT: Health Indicators in the Northern Territory published in 1986 (Devanesen and others) and Northern Territory Health Outcomes, Morbidity and Mortality, 1979-91 published in 1995 (Plant and others).Full details

NT Cancer Registry

For further publications on the subject of Epidemiology, Health Gains or Health Economics, please search our ePublications repository or the Health Library Catalogue.

Cancer in the NT2014This report presents summary statistics and trends among NT residents diagnosed with cancer or died due to a cancer-related cause. It includes statistics on all cancers and each cancer site or site group for the entire NT population; for males and females; and for Indigenous and non-Indigenous populations.Full details
Women's cancers and cancer screening in the Northern Territory2012This report presents information on cancer occurrence in NT women and on cervical and breast screening programs. It includes information on cancer incidence, mortality and survival rates and screening participation rates. The report presents separate information for Indigenous and non-Indigenous women. It also presents information for specific age-groups, regional areas and time periods.Full details

Cancer incidence and mortality Northern Territory 1991-2005

2008In the Northern Territory (NT) the Northern Territory Cancer Registry (NTCR) collects data about NT residents who are either diagnosed with cancer or die from cancer. The NTCR analyses and reports the data to provide information for health service planning and delivery, as well as for informing the general public. In this report summary statistics are presented on all new cases of cancer diagnosed among NT residents during the 15-year period 1991-2005 and on all cancer deaths during the 13- year period 1991-2003. Equivalent summary statistics for the Australian population are included for comparative purposes. Additionally, for the first time graphical representation of trends in NT cancer incidence and mortality rates are provided for each cancer site. To allow comparison of incidence rates and deaths rates within the NT population and with the wider Australian population, the rates were adjusted for the increase in total populations and for the changing age profile within the populations.Full details
Northern Territory cancer incidence and mortality by region 1991-2003
2007Report contains statistical data of Northern Territory cancer incidences and mortality between 1991-2003 in the regions of Darwin (urban and rural), Katherine, East Arnhem, Barkly and Alice Springs (urban and rural). Comparing statistics for NT indigenous and NT non-indigenous people.Full details
Northern Territory cancer register: data collection, analysis and reporting procedures2004This report describes the collection, analysis and reporting of data that is recorded in the Northern Territory Cancer Register.Full details
Northern Territory Cancer Register data quality, 1981-2001


Indicators of completeness of case ascertainment and of data accuracy were assessed for the NTCR for cases diagnosed from 1981 (when the Registry commenced operation) to 2001. Data quality indicators were compared to indicators for other Australian cancer registries. Where possible, data quality was assessed separately for cancer registrations for indigenous and non-indigenous people. Several notification sources were re-screened to identify cases that had not been previously notified.Full details
Cancer survival, Northern Territory, 1991-20012001This report describes cancer incidence and mortality across the seven health districts of the Northern Territory. For non-Indigenous Territorians, cancer incidence and mortality does not vary much between the NT districts, with the exception of East Arnhem District where both all-cancer incidence and all-cancer mortality rates are less than national rates. In other districts there are smaller differences between NT non-Indigenous and total Australian all-cancer incidence and mortality rates, and the confidence intervals for district rates include the total Australian rate, indicating that these differences may be due to chance variation in the small number of cancers diagnosed in the NT's small district populations.Full details

Health Economics

For further publications on the subject of Epidemiology, Health Gains or Health Economics, please search our ePublications repository or the Health Library Catalogue.

Injuries in the Northern Territory, 1997-20112015This study examines hospitalisations, emergency department presentations and deaths related to injury for the periods 2001-2011, 2003-2011 and 1997-2006.  It describes the trends and causes of injury , and estimates the health care costs related to injury.  The aim of the report is to inform injury prevention initiatives and program development.Full Details

Renal Replacement Therapy Demand Study, NT 2001 - 2022

2015Renal Replacement Therapy Demand Study, Northern Territory 2001 - 2022

Full Details

Health Workforce Modelling - Summary2010Health Workforce Modelling
Northern Territory 2006 - 2011
Health Workforce Modelling - Technical Report for the Medical Workforce Model2010
Health Workforce Modelling
Technical Report for the Medical Workforce Model
Health Workforce Modelling - Technical Report for the Nursing Workforce Model (Adobe PDF document - 409KB)2010
Health Workforce Modelling
Technical Report for the Nursing Workforce Model
Medicare Benefits Schedule and Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme2010

Medicare Benefits Schedule and
Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme

Utilisation in the Northern Territory
1993-94 to 2008-09
Atttracting and Keeping Nursing Professionals in an Environment of Chronic Labour Shortage2008

Attracting and keeping nursing professionals in an environment of chronic labour shortage: a study of mobility among nurses and midwives in the Northern Territory of Australia

Full Details
Cost Estimates of Primary Health Care Activities for Remote AboriginalCommunities in the Northern Territory
2006This study presents estimates of the cost of providing primary health care to remote Aboriginal communities in the Northern Territory for a number of common conditions. These conditions are the metabolic syndrome related diseases (hypertension, diabetes, ischaemic heart disease and renal disease), chronic lung disease, well children under five years of age, and antenatal care. The aim of the project was to inform the development of proposed Medicare items that will improve access for Aboriginal populations in remote areas to mainstream primary health care funding.Full details
Medicare and Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme usage patterns in the Northern Territory, 1993/94 to 2003/042005This study provides a comprehensive comparison of the Medicare and PBS utilisation levels in the Northern Territory compared to the other States/Territories for the eleven years from 1993/94 to 2003/04. The Medicare and PBS services, payments and expenditure data were obtained mainly from the Health Insurance Commission and Australian Government Department of Health and Ageing either via accessing on-line datacubes or by special requests. The estimated resident populations are from Australian Bureau of Statistics reports. Direct and indirect age standardisation methods were applied as part of the statistical analyses.Full details
Mortality, morbidity & health care costs of injury in the Northern Territory, 1991- 20012005This report is the first full report on injury in the NT and provides a comprehensive summary of injury across the dimensions of mortality, public hospital admissions, presentations in Emergency Departments and importantly in the NT, interstate hospital transfers for the treatment of injury. The report also provides estimates for the health care costs of injury in the Northern Territory.Full details
Burden of Disease and Injury in the Northern Territory 1999 - 20032009

The burden of disease and injury (BOD) methodology was developed to provide a global assessment of ill health in a population, by quantifying the collective contributions of both fatal and non-fatal outcomes.

Full details


For further publications on the subject of Epidemiology, Health Gains or Health Economics, please search our ePublications repository or the Health Library Catalogue.

Demographic Data Quality Assessment for Northern Territory Public Hospitals2011 This data quality survey is the third project conducted by the Northern Territory (NT) Department of Health over a 13 year period to measure the accuracy of demographic information collected by NT public hospitals about hospital inpatients.

The accuracy of hospital information is crucial because demographic and clinical information about hospital inpatients is the foundation on which service delivery performance, evaluation and reporting is based. The information is used by NT and Australian government planners and policy makers, private health care providers, community organisations and researchers for policy development, resource allocation, management and monitoring of health services and health outcomes for our diverse population.


Validation of patient demographic data, Northern Territory hospitals


2008 Accurate recording and updating of administrative data for hospital inpatients is critical to the management of hospitals, statistical reporting and the planning of future policy and funding.

For this study the validation of demographic information in the NT hospital dataset was done by comparing demographic information contained in the hospital dataset to information obtained through face-to-face interviews from a sample of inpatients. The study found high levels of agreement between the hospital dataset and interview dataset for all variables; sex (99%), Indigenous status (97%), country of birth (98%), year of birth (94%), date of birth (90%) and NT health district of residence (88%).

A comparison between a 1997 study and 2008 levels of observed agreement shows improvements for all variables, with the exception of sex which remained unchanged.

Full Details


Population estimates for indigenous health zones in the Northern Territory

2007This report records the results of an NT Department of Health and Community Services project, supported by ABS, which updates and enhances existing population estimates for Health Zones. The methodology utilised in this project has been developed in consultations with representatives from NT Aboriginal Health Forum partners, however at the stage of printing, the methods and population estimates in this project have not been formally approved for use by the NT Aboriginal Health Forum. The report is required in order to plan, administer and assess the health benefits of the Primary Health Care Access Program, a joint Commonwealth and NT Government scheme to facilitate NT Aboriginal people's access to appropriate primary health care services.Full details
Population data in the Northern Territory2006The purpose of this paper is to report on conceptual, methodological and reporting issues involved in the various population data types. This includes both Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) and non-ABS sources. The appendices to this paper provide a comprehensive list of the most recent population data available to users.Full details
Socio-economic indexes for areas (SEIFA) of administrative health districts and urban centres/localities in the Northern Territory2005This paper describes four summary measures, or indexes, derived from the 2001 Census of Population and Housing to measure different aspects of socio-economic conditions. These indexes are then applied to both the Department of Health and Community Services (DHCS) administrative health districts and to Urban Centres/Localities in the Northern Territory. The four SEIFA indexes are (ABS 2003): Index of Relative Socio-Economic disadvantage; Index of Relative Socio-Economic Advantage/Disadvantage; Index of Economic Resources; and Index of Education and Occupation. These indexes show where the affluent (as opposed to just high income earning) live; where disadvantaged (as opposed to the unemployed) live; and where the highly skilled and educated (as opposed to the tertiary educated people) live.Full details
Northern Territory hospital morbidity dataset: validation of demographic data, 19971998A data quality audit was conducted in late 1997 in the five NT public hospitals. Patients were interviewed while they were in hospital by an interviewer independent of the hospital patient adminstration processes. The interviewer asked each patient their Indigenous status, sex, date of birth, marital status, place of residence and country of birth. Data obtained at interview were compared to the same data items in the hospital morbidity dataset.Full details


For further publications on the subject of Epidemiology, Health Gains or Health Economics, please search our ePublications repository or the Health Library Catalogue.

Northern Territory Demography2015This fact sheet provides an overview of the Northern Territory demography in 2015Full Details
Overweight and Obesity in the NT 2011-20122015This fact sheet provides an overview of prevalence of overweight and obese persons in the Northern Territory 2011- 2012Full Details
Alcohol use in the Northern Territory, 2010 - 20132015

Alcohol consumption is a major risk factor for health and at harmful levels is directly linked with liver disease, pancreatitis, diabetes, epilepsy and specific cancers.

Alcohol is also associated with increased risk of injury through motor vehicle crashes and violence.

Full Details
Smoking prevalence, Northern Territory - 1994 To 20132014This fact sheet provides a summary of trends in smoking prevalence in the NT from 1994 - 2014 and importantly estimates the general NT smoking prevalence, which is not available from any single source.Full Details
Medicare and PBS usage 2003 - 20122013This fact sheet provides updated information on Medicare and PBS usage in the NT.Full Details
Mortality in the NT 1967-20062011

This fact sheet presents selected mortality indicators for the Northern Territory including life expectancy and leading causes of death for the period 1985-2006.

The analysis uses a compilation of annual Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) death datasets, and includes all deaths in Australia of NT residents, by year of death. Population estimates are based on ABS census data. The life expectancy calculations are based on the standard methodology developed by the World Health Organisation.

Full Details
Injury Trends Factsheet 20102010This factsheet presents the injury related deaths and hospitalisations from 1991-2006. It compares of the top common causes of injury between NT Indigenous population to non-Indigenous population.Full Details
Smoking prevalence in the Northern Territory2010Tobacco smoking is the single most preventable cause of ill health and death in Australia. In separate studies, tobacco smoking has been estimated to be responsible for 7.8% of the total burden of disease and injury among all Australians, and 8.1% of hospitalisations for those people aged 40-79 years. In similar studies in the Northern Territory (NT), tobacco smoking was estimated to be responsible for 8.1% of the NT burden of disease and injury and 4% of all hospitalisations. The proportion of smoking-attributable NT hospitalisations was
higher in Indigenous persons (6%) than non- Indigenous persons (3%). Of all smokingattributable NT hospitalisations, 58% were for males.
Full Details
Mortality in the Northern Territory 1981-20042007This fact sheet updates selected mortality indicators for the Northern Territory by adding data from 2004 to previously published information. The analysis uses a compilation of annual Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) death datasets, and includes all deaths in Australia of NT residents, by year of death. Population estimates are based on ABS data from the 1996 and 2001 censuses.Full details
Medicare and PBS usage in the Northern Territory2007This fact sheet provides updated information on Medicare and PBS usage in the NT as well as recent estimates of the cost of delivering primary care in remote NT communities. It makes the point that Medicare presently subsidises services that are delivered by general practitioners, which are absent in remote communities, where primary care services are delivered by remote area nurses and Aboriginal health workers whose services aren't eligible for Medicare benefits.Full details
Mortality in the Northern Territory2006This Fact Sheet provides an update on key indicators of mortality for the Northern Territory and adds new information from 2001, 2002 and 2003 to the previously published data.Full details
Smoking in the Northern Territory2006A compilation of the results of surveys and reports that deal with tobacco smoking in the Northern Territory.Full details